What are the anti-infective drugs
Anti-infective drugs are categorized in many ways, generally there are anti-bacterial drugs, anti-viral drugs, anti-fungal drugs, anti-tuberculosis drugs and anti-parasite drugs. According to the specific infection situation and drug sensitivity test, the corresponding anti-infective drugs should be selected for treatment.
Anti-infective drugs are categorized in many ways, generally there are anti-bacterial drugs, anti-viral drugs, anti-fungal drugs, anti-tuberculosis drugs and anti-parasite drugs. According to the specific infection and drug sensitivity test, the corresponding anti-infective drugs should be selected for treatment.
1, anti-bacterial drugs: anti-bacterial drugs are mainly used to treat infections caused by bacteria, anti-bacterial drugs are also divided into a variety of categories, such as β-lactams, aminoglycosides, macrolides, tetracyclines, cephalosporins, quinolones, due to the anti-bacterial drugs are easy to lead to adverse reactions, use of attention to do the skin test, to avoid the occurrence of serious adverse effects;
2, antiviral drugs: antiviral drugs mainly through the impact of viral replication, so as to achieve the purpose of inhibiting the proliferation of viruses, commonly used drugs are amantadine, ribavirin, ganciclovir, vaxilovir, acyclovir, interferon, zidovudine, etc., due to the precautions for each type of drug is different, the use of the attention of the physician should be consulted;
3, antifungal drugs: antifungal drugs are also divided into the treatment of superficial parts of fungal infections and deep fungal infections in two categories, the treatment of superficial parts of the commonly used drugs are clotrimazole, miconazole, ketoconazole, terbinafine, etc., for deep fungal infections can be used for flucytosine, mycobacteria, itraconazole, etc., the use of the use of attention should be avoided to produce drug resistance;
4、Anti-tuberculosis drugs: Although Mycobacterium tuberculosis also belongs to bacteria, but due to the special structure, strong virulence, general antibiotics can't play a role, so it is necessary to apply targeted anti-tuberculosis drugs for the treatment of tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, for example, isoniazid, rifampicin, pyrazinamide, p-amino-salicylate, etc., due to the large side effects, the use of the use of the doctor's instructions should be used, and the use of strict control of the time and dose. As the side effects are big, they should be used according to the doctor's instruction and the time of use should be strictly controlled;
5, anti-parasitic drugs: anti-parasitic drugs are divided into antiprotozoal drugs, anti-helminthic drugs, the use of should be clearly infected parasite species, so as to effectively target treatment. In the use of anti-infective drugs treatment, should be used in accordance with the doctor's instructions, do not take privately, to avoid intolerance of drugs due to adverse reactions.